[su_heading style=”modern-2-orange” size=”18″ align=”left”]Cogeneration – Combined Heat & Power production[/su_heading]
Cogeneration of heat and power (CHP) is the combined simultaneous generation of heat and power from the same primary energy source.
Cogeneration is a very efficient form of energy conversion. It contributes significantly to the more efficient exploitation of primary fuel energy compared to separate production of thermal and electrical energy.
The use of a fuel source for the simultaneous generation of heat and electricity (combined heat and power) is significantly more energy efficient and cost-effective than traditional electricity production.
Combined heat and power plants are usually located near end-users [highlight]to reduce transmission and distribution losses[/highlight]. In this way they also improve the overall performance of transmission and distribution networks. The actual performance of a CHP plant depends on how efficiently it delivers the heat it produces. Since the heat transfer medium is usually water, the efficiency is higher when the power plant is closer to the buildings it serves.
Cogeneration of heat and power works best as a decentralized form of energy supply with more and smaller power plants located very close to local communities. Reducing the distance between power stations and consumers also makes electricity more efficient by reducing losses.
[su_heading style=”modern-1-blue” size=”18″ align=”left”]Advantages of cogeneration of heat and power[/su_heading]
Cogeneration of heat and power presents a number of advantages including:
[icon name=”chevron-right” class=”” unprefixed_class=””] reducing primary energy consumption,
[icon name=”chevron-right” class=”” unprefixed_class=””] reducing emissions of gaseous pollutants,
[icon name=”chevron-right” class=”” unprefixed_class=””] minimizing the cost of production per unit of final energy product,
[icon name=”chevron-right” class=”” unprefixed_class=””] maximizing the feasibility of developing decentralized energy generation systems. This results from the simultaneous generation of electrical and thermal power. These can meet the needs of local consumer groups, further increasing high yields by minimizing transport losses.
The combined introduction of decentralized CHP systems using biomass fuels simultaneously leads to the guaranteed energy supply from renewable sources.
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